Nikhil Pavan Kalyan, IAS. Contributions by: Bhuvnesh Pratap Singh, IAS. Rukmani Riar, IAS Reading Between the Lines | 2. CONTENTS. The Civil Services Examination is world's most toughly contested examination. Conventional wisdom tells us that the right guidance and right advice is the key. 1 Reading Between the Lines: PREPARING FOR THE CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION Designed, Written and Compiled by Nikhil Pavan Kalyan, IAS.

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My IAS friends who have also contributed to this document forwarded me a copy of the book titled “Reading Between The Lines“. With their. Great information you have shared, It is really helpful for the students who are in Nagpur UPSC Coaching for sharing. Reply. A simple special case 2. • Gauge group is 2. – Basic Wilson line W in fundamental of 2. – 't Hooft lines have integer magnetic charge H2, .

(Free e-Book) Preparing for Civil Services Examinations by Nikhil Pavan Kalyan, IAS

In GS papers, map of India is your most effective tool for illustration. Practise it enough so that you are able to draw and label it under 60 seconds. If you are taking a test series, please give those tests with all the seriousness of the final UPSC exam.

In the mock test, if you take additional minutes to finish the paper, you are cheating no one except yourself. Observe strict time limits. You will never feel content with your Mains preparation and there is always a nagging tendency to just keep reading and procrastinate writing answers or skip an upcoming test.

You have to overcome this reluctance through conscious effort. Perfectionism is your enemy. Getting a good score in Mains is about attempting all questions to which some answers are excellent, some good and many above average. So instead of waiting for that elusive perfection, start imperfect and then keep improving.

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Just because I am AIR-1, it does not mean that my notes are the best or that this book list is the last word. To succeed in this exam, the source of material is not important. So I suggest beginners read this section after they get acquainted with other GS topics. In Art and Culture, questions asked by UPSC in recent years are more analytical— which requires both the factual content and good analysis to answer the why and how. You can answer such questions well only when you understand the historical background in which such art was produced.

They will form the analysis part and will help you write great answers. Make good use of the internet to watch both visual and performing arts to understand how they actually look in real life. You will be able to recollect such visuals more easily.

They will help you write a decent answer for questions which you only have a vague idea about.

Wherever relevant, draw diagrams to illustrate your answers. For instance, you can draw a rough sketch to show the features of a Stupa, Dravida, and Nagara style architecture, Paleolithic art, Folk arts such as Warli, Harappan pottery etc.

For example, in Warli art, human bodies are represented by triangles, heads by circles and hands by simple lines. Just get these basics right. Link to download diagrams is given at the end of the article. If you had done your prelims preparation for this topic well, that is good enough. You just need to practise answer writing. Download link is given at the end. I also practised maps to demonstrate major world historical events. Link to download my notes and maps is given at the end of the article.

Indian Society This is a generic, nebulous topic with no style or structure. As it is already mentioned, this document is more designed from the perspective of an aspirant; the best way to use this document is, to keep it as a guide, as a bible. It reminds of you what you forget all the time; it tries to focus, focus on fundamentals, to do the right things at the right time.

It focuses on things to be done. You have to always keep two documents with you, first is the syllabus and the second would be some document like this, which can answer your query, whenever you get one. Go through it thoroughly, and with a holistic view, try to appreciate all the chapters as one single entity. Read between the lines. Pause after you read something from the document, comprehend it and absorb.

Refer to the document whenever you feel you are missing something in the preparation. Try to follow, implement the points mentioned, religiously, in your actions. The document appraises you with a routine for your preparation, unique to each of you, the way you are. Believe in it.

It can help you. The same should also be available on the UPSC website The complete notification should be studied carefully to understand the structure of the exam and other related information. Most of the doubts that the new aspirants have, would be resolved through a thorough go through of the notification.

Given the recent changes, it is even more important to read through the notification for understanding the changes better. The preparation will be more focused when you know exactly what the examination expects, rather demands from you.

Remember at every stage of your preparation that this examination is relative. You only need to be better than the other aspirants to get a place in the merit list. The nature of the exam can be analyzed through the following ways: A thorough perusal of notification and carefully understanding the syllabus and requirements.

A thorough analysis of the previous year s papers and the recent trends. Discussing in detail with teachers, successful and un-successful aspirants, seniors and friends.

All the three points above are quintessential for understanding the expectations exactly. Plan of Examination The competitive examination comprises two successive stages: Civil Services Preliminary Examinations Objective Type for the selection of candidates for Main Examination; and Reading Between the Lines 11 12 Civil Services Main Examination Written and Interview for the selection of candidates for the various services and posts.

History of India and Indian National Movement. General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization. General Science. Class X level Data interpretation charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc.

The question papers will be set both in Hindi and English. However, questions relating to English Comprehension skills of Class X level will be tested through passages from English Language only without providing Hindi translation thereof in the question paper. Each paper will be of two hours duration. Blind candidates will however; be allowed an extra time of minutes at each paper.

This examination is meant to serve as a screening test only; the marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the candidates who are declared qualified for admission to the Main Examination will not be counted for determining their final order of merit.

The number of candidates to be admitted to the Main Examination will be about twelve to thirteen times the total approximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year in the various Services and Posts. Only those candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified in the Preliminary Examination in the year will be eligible for admission to the Main Examination of that year provided they are otherwise eligible for admission to the Main Examination.

Candidates who obtain such minimum qualifying marks in the written part of the Main Examination as may be fixed by the Commission at their discretion, shall be summoned by them for interview for a Personality Test vide sub-section C of Section-II. Marks obtained in the papers will be counted for ranking. The number of candidates to be summoned for interview will be about twice the number of vacancies to be filled.

Marks thus obtained by the candidates in the Main Examination written part as well as interview would determine their final ranking. Candidates will be allotted to the various Services keeping in view their ranks in the examination and the preferences expressed by them for the various Services and Posts.

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Note: Please make sure you are well informed about the various details before filling the preferences. Reading Between the Lines 13 14 The Main Examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates rather than merely the range of their information and memory.

The nature and standard of questions in the General Studies papers Paper II to Paper V will be such that a well-educated person will be able to answer them without any specialized study.

The questions will be such as to test a candidate s general awareness of a variety of subjects, which will have relevance for a career in Civil Services.

The questions are likely to test the candidate s basic understanding of all relevant issues, and ability to analyze, and take a view on conflicting socio- economic goals, objectives and demands.

The candidates must give relevant, meaningful and succinct answers. The scope of the syllabus for optional subject papers Paper VI and Paper VII for the examination is broadly of the honors degree level i.

In the case of Engineering, Medical Science and law, the level corresponds to the bachelors degree. The choice of subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression. Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times. Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country. History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.

Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society. Salient features of world s physical geography. Distribution of key natural resources across the world including South Asia and the Indian sub- continent ; Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world including India.

Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.

Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries. Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary.

Salient features of the Representation of People s Act.

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Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

Issues relating to poverty and hunger. Role of civil services in a democracy. India and its neighborhood - relations. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India s interests, Indian diaspora.

Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it. Government Budgeting.

How To Prepare For The UPSC Civil Services Exam

Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems, storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers. Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

Land reforms in India.

Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. Investment models. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and Reading Between the Lines 17 18 effects in everyday life.

Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Disaster and disaster management. Linkages between development and spread of extremism. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude Paper V: General Studies IV Maximum Marks: Duration: 3 Hours This paper will include questions to test the candidates attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society.

Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.Class X level Data interpretation charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. Descartes rationalism Michael Lacewing Descartes rationalism Descartes Meditations provide an extended study in establishing knowledge through rational intuition and deduction.

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Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various constitutional Bodies. Your Planning Checklist Grade 9 Let your teachers know that you plan to go to college.